Hernias can be broadly classified as internal or external.

External hernias can occur spontaneously as a result of congenital defect or following any surgical intervention when they are called incisional hernias.

Depending upon the site of external hernia they are classified as

Inguinal hernia which can be indirect or direct
Femoral hernia
Spigelian hernia
Lumbar hernia
Obturator hernia
Perineal hernias
Umbilical hernia

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